In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years of their draconian rule in India, the British finally left,. But before they vacated India the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. Straight away, without any delay, there began one of the greatest migrations in human history.
Across the Indian subcontinent, communities that had coexisted even after coercion, for almost a millennium attacked each other in a terrifying outbreak of sectarian violence, with Hindus and Sikhs on one side and Muslims on the other—a mutual genocide as unexpected as it was unprecedented. The massacres, arson, forced conversions, mass abductions, and savage sexual brutality was unfathomable. It was Hindu population had to bear the brunt on both sides. According to some statistics seventy-five thousand women were raped, and many of them were then disfigured or dismembered.
By 1948, migration drew to a close, more than fifteen million people had been uprooted, and between one and two million were dead. The partition displaced between 10 and 12 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions. The first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was clueless about the amount of displaced population, was shocked at the enormous number of refugees.
Creation of Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF)
By 1948, as the great migration drew to a close, more than fifteen million people had been uprooted, and between one and two million were dead. The partition displaced between 10 and 12 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions; there was large-scale violence, with estimates of loss of life accompanying or preceding the partition disputed and varying between several hundred thousand and two million. The first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was clueless about the amount of displaced population, was shocked at the enormous number of refugeesSo in 1948 a Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established with public contributions to assist displaced persons from Pakistan.
The resources of the PMNRF are now utilized primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes, etc. and to the victims of the major accidents and riots. Assistance from PMNRF is also rendered, to partially defray the expenses for medical treatment like heart surgeries, kidney transplantation, cancer treatment and acid attack etc. The fund consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any budgetary support. The corpus of the fund is invested with scheduled commercial banks in various forms. Disbursements are made with the approval of the Prime Minister.
PMNRF has not been constituted by the Parliament. The fund is recognized as a Trust under the Income Tax Act and the same is managed by Prime Minister or multiple delegates for national causes. PMNRF operates from the Prime Minister’s Office, South Block, New Delhi-110011 and does not pays any license fee. PMNRF is exempt under Income Tax Act, 1961 under Section 10 and 139 for return purposes. Contributions towards PMNRF are notified for 100% deduction from taxable income under section 80(G) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Prime Minister is the Chairman of PMNRF and is assisted by Officers/ Staff on honorary basis. Permanent Account Number of PMNRF is AACTP4637Q.
The utilization of PMNRF in Uttara Kannada Constituency.
The amended provision for utilization the Prime Ministers Relief Fund in Uttara Kannada Lok Sabha Constituency is provided to partially pay the expenses for medical treatment of the needy poor people in distress.
Member of Parliament Sri Anant Kumar Hegde has put in his efforts to avail the maximum benefits of PMNRF to the people of his constituency.
|YEAR||NO OF BENEFICIARIES||AMOUNT SANCTIONED (AMT IN ₹)|