Skilling programme helped provide nearly a million jobs, says govt
The number of candidates certified under short term (90 days) training of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) as of end-August 2018 stood at 1.82 million, of which 9.99 lakh candidates, or approximately 54.9 per cent, have been placed in various sectors across the country as of end November 2018.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) has two components known as Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) being implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) being implemented by State Skill Development Missions of the states/ UTs popularly known as State- Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20). Training under PMKVY 2016-20 is being imparted in National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) aligned job roles.
Under CSCM component of PMKVY 2016-20, as on end-November 2018, an estimated Rs3,044 crore has been disbursed to NSDC for the implementation of this component. Further, about 3.30 million candidates have been trained (23.18 lakh STT + 9.08 lakh RPL + 0.71 special project) in the country.
The PMKVY 2016-20 scheme has mandatory provisions for placement tracking. The placement data is reported within 90 days of certification of trained candidates on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS). As per data reported on SDMS, as on 30 November 2018, 1.96 million candidates have been certified under short term training of PMKVY 2016-20.
Out of these candidates, 9.99 lakh candidates have been placed in various sectors across the country, including in the state of West Bengal, which is approximately 54.9 per cent of the number of candidates imparted training so far.
Further, under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20, 25 per cent of the funds and corresponding physical targets of PMKVY 2016-20 have been allocated to the states for implementation of scheme through State Skill Development Missions. Under this component, after evaluation of proposal received from 36 states/UTs, the centre has given in-principle approval of a total target of 2.02 million candidates and corresponding financial allocation of Rs3,047 crore. for FY 2016-20. Out of this, funds amounting to Rs740 crore (approx) have been released to 35 states/UTs for the implementation of this component. Further, under this component, as on 6 December 2018, 1,92,079 candidates have been enrolled across 34 states/UTs.
Under the scheme, focus on employment has been significantly enhanced and candidates have been placed in various sectors and industries, including small and medium enterprises, across the country, including the state of West Bengal. Training centers (TCs)/ training providers (TPs) are mandated to organise placement/rozgar melas every six month with the support of Sector Skill Councils.
Additionally, scheme incentivises TCs/TPs for facilitating placement of the trained candidates, offering Rs3,000 each under TCs and up to 5,000 per candidates under TPs
Also, common norms have been formulated making 70 placement as the success of the skill training within which up to 50 per cent of the total placement can be under self-employment. Also, there is a special provision in the scheme to provide post placement support to women, PwDs and candidates from special areas (LWE, North East region and J&K).
Additionally, the scheme promotes basic entrepreneurship by providing 40 hours additional training in ‘Entrepreneurship and Soft Skills’ along with the core training as per job role, minister of state for skill development and entrepreneureship Anant Kumar Hegde informed the Rajya Sabha in a written reply.